Dr. James Shapiro
Areas of expertise
- Hepatobiliary surgery
- Islet transplantation
- Liver transplant surgery
- Pancreas transplant surgery
Born in Leeds, England, Dr. James Shapiro obtained his medical degree at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne and trained in surgery at the University of Bristol. In 1993, He came to the University of Alberta in Canada to train in liver transplantation and hepatobiliary surgery, continuing research studies in experimental islet transplantation begun as a medical student.
He earned a Ph.D. studying new drug combinations for possible testing in islet transplantation. Dr. Shapiro studied liver surgery in Vancouver, in living donor liver transplant surgery in Japan, and in whole pancreas transplant surgery at the University of Maryland. In 1998, he returned to the University of Alberta as a multi-organ transplant surgeon.
Dr. Shapiro was asked to lead the Clinical Islet Transplant Program team in Edmonton. Together with doctors Lakey, Ryan, Rajotte, Kneteman and Korbutt, he developed and tested a new protocol that used a steroid-free anti-rejection regimen coupled with sufficient numbers of transplanted islets. This research has since become known as the Edmonton Protocol. In 1999, Dr. Shapiro initiated the pancreas transplant program at the University of Alberta and in the same year performed the first emergency living-related donor liver transplant in Canada.
Dr. Shapiro is principal investigator of the international multi-center trial of islet transplantation testing the Edmonton Protocol at nine international sites, sponsored by the Immune Tolerance Network. He is also director of the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation (JDRF) Clinical Center for Islet Transplantation at the University of Alberta.
Dr. Shapiro maintains an active immunology and transplant research laboratory focused on aspects of tolerance induction relating to islet transplantation with emphasis on costimulatory blockade and chimerism, with translational potential to clinical islet recipients.
- 2002 – Awarded the Canadian Institutes of Health Research/Wyeth Clinical Research Chair in Transplantation at the University of Alberta
- 2004 – Awarded an Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical Research Scholarship to support his ongoing tolerance research
- 2005 – Received a Meritorious Service Medal from the Governor General of Canada for his work toward the development of a new treatment for diabetes
- 2005 – Named one of the Physicians of the Century by the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Alberta and the Alberta Medical Association
- 2006 – Named one of Nature Biotechnology’s most remarkable and influential personalities from the past 10 years in biopharmaceuticals
- 2014 – Awarded an honorary doctorate degree from University of Uppsala in Uppsala, Sweden
- 2016 – Received the David Rumbough Award from the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation
- 2018 – Received a lifetime achievement award from Diabetes Canada
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